Teacher, Doctor of Philosophy, professor of Vytautas Magnus University, signatory of Lithuania’s Independence Act of 16 February, Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Lithuania (12 March 1919–12 April 1919). Murdered by NKVD on 4 November 1942 in Sverdlovsk, Russia. Born on 2 December 1886 in Runkiai village, Višako Ruda rural district, Marijampolė County.