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Lawyer, military officer, colonel, deputy mayor and later mayor of the city of Kaunas, initiator of the Criminal Police Day, celebrated from 27 October 1927, organiser of political surveillance and counterintelligence service in 1928–1933, founder and the first head of the State Security Committee of the Republic of Lithuania, Minister of Interior of the Republic of Lithuania. Murdered by NKVD on 24 June 1941 in Minsk Prison.

Born on July 5 1887 in Riga.